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Stigma gets in my way: Factors affecting client-provider communication regarding childbearing among people living with HIV in Uganda.

Stigma gets in my way: Factors affecting client-provider communication regarding childbearing among people living with HIV in Uganda.
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Beyeza-Kashesya J, Wanyenze RK, Goggin K, Finocchario-Kessler S, Woldetsadik MA, Mindry D, Birungi J, Wagner GJ,


Beyeza-Kashesya J, Wanyenze RK, Goggin K, Finocchario-Kessler S, Woldetsadik MA, Mindry D, Birungi J, Wagner GJ, (click to view)

Beyeza-Kashesya J, Wanyenze RK, Goggin K, Finocchario-Kessler S, Woldetsadik MA, Mindry D, Birungi J, Wagner GJ,

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PloS one 2018 02 2013(2) e0192902 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0192902

Abstract
INTRODUCTION
Many HIV-affected couples living in sub-Saharan Africa desire to have children, but few quantitative studies have examined support for their childbearing needs. Our study explored client-provider communication about childbearing and safer conception among HIV clients in Uganda.

METHODS
400 Ugandan HIV clients in committed relationships and with intentions to conceive were surveyed. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to childbearing, and use of safer conception methods were assessed, including communication with providers about childbearing needs, the correlates of which were examined with bivariate statistics and logistic multivariate analysis.

RESULTS
75% of the sample was female; 61% were on antiretroviral therapy; and 61% had HIV-negative or unknown status partners. Nearly all (98%) reported the desire to discuss childbearing intentions with their HIV provider; however, only 44% reported such discussions, the minority (28%) of which was initiated by the provider. Issues discussed with HIV providers included: HIV transmission risk to partner (30%), HIV transmission risk to child (30%), and how to prevent transmission to the child (27%); only 8% discussed safer conception methods. Regression analysis showed that those who had communicated with providers about childbearing were more likely to have been diagnosed with HIV for a longer period [OR (95% CI) = 1.09 (1.03, 1.15)], while greater internalized childbearing stigma was associated with lower odds of this communication [OR (95% CI) = 0.70 (0.49, 0.99)], after controlling for all bivariate correlates and basic demographics.

CONCLUSIONS
Communication between HIV clients and providers about childbearing needs is poor and associated with stigma. Innovations to mitigate stigma among clients as well as training to improve health worker communication and skills related to safer conception counseling is needed.

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