Influenza A virus (IAV) infection accelerates the inflammatory injury of lung epithelial cells that contributes to pulmonary lesion. Recently, stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) was found to mediate cellular immune response and participated in lung tumorigenesis. Our study aimed to illustrate the function and mechanism of STIM1 in IAV-induced inflammation injury and oxidative stress of lung epithelial cells.
We evaluated the levels of STIM1 in IAV-infected patients’ serum and BEAS-2B cells using RT-qPCR, Elisa and western blotting methods. MTT and Elisa were performed to measure cell viability and cytokine contents. Besides, ROS intensity, SOD contents and cell apoptosis were detected based on DCFH-DA probe, colorimetry and cell death kits. A luciferase assay and Pearson’s correlation analysis evaluated the associations between target genes.
STIM1 was dramatically up-regulated in IAV-infected patients’ serum and BEAS-2B cells. Silencing STIM1 in vitro inhibited oxidative stress and inflammatory responses induced by IAV, and reversed cell viability and suppressed apoptosis. Moreover, miR-223 and NLRP3 were negatively and positively correlated with STIM1. STIM1 was found to regulate NLRP3 expression by binding the AACUGAC motif in miR-223. STIM1/miR-223/NLRP3 axis modulated IAV-induced inflammation injury of lung epithelial cells.
Our evidence indicated that silencing STIM1 alleviated IAV-induced inflammation injury of lung epithelial cells by inactivating NLRP3 and inflammasome via promoting miR-223 expression. These findings may contribute to understand the mechanism of IAV-induced lung injury and help for therapy of IAV infection.

Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.