To determine if in vivo strain response of the Optic Nerve Head (ONH) to IOP elevation visualized using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) video imaging and quantified using novel virtual extensometers was able to be provided repeatable measurements of tissue specific deformations.
The ONHs of 5 eyes from 5 non-human primates (NHPs) were imaged by Spectralis OCT. A vertical and a horizontal B-scan of the ONH were continuously recorded for 60 s at 9Hz (video imaging mode) during IOP elevation from 10 to 30 mmHg. Imaging was repeated over three imaging sessions. The 2D normal strain was computed by template-matching digital image correlation using virtual extensometers. ANOVA F-test (F) was used to compare inter-eye, inter-session, and inter-tissue variability for the prelaminar, Bruch’s membrane opening (BMO), lamina cribrosa (LC) and choroidal regions (against variance the error term). F-test of the ratio between inter-eye to inter-session variability was used to test for strain repeatability across imaging sessions (F).
Variability of strain across imaging session (F = 0.7263, p = 0.4855) and scan orientation was not significant (F = 1.053, p = 0.3066). Inter session variability of strain was significantly lower than inter-eye variability (F = 22.63, p = 0.0428) and inter-tissue variability (F = 99.33 p = 0.00998). After IOP elevation, strain was highest in the choroid (-18.11%, p < 0.001), followed by prelaminar tissue (-11.0%, p < 0.001), LC (-3.79%, p < 0.001), and relative change in BMO diameter (-0.57%, p = 0.704).
Virtual extensometers applied to video-OCT were sensitive to the eye-specific and tissue-specific mechanical response of the ONH to IOP and were repeatable across imaging sessions.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Ltd.