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Strain-dependent neutralization reveals antigenic variation of human parechovirus 3.

Strain-dependent neutralization reveals antigenic variation of human parechovirus 3.
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Karelehto E, van der Sanden S, Geraets JA, Domanska A, van der Linden L, Hoogendoorn D, Koen G, van Eijk H, Shakeel S, Beaumont T, de Jong M, Pajkrt D, Butcher SJ, Wolthers KC,


Karelehto E, van der Sanden S, Geraets JA, Domanska A, van der Linden L, Hoogendoorn D, Koen G, van Eijk H, Shakeel S, Beaumont T, de Jong M, Pajkrt D, Butcher SJ, Wolthers KC, (click to view)

Karelehto E, van der Sanden S, Geraets JA, Domanska A, van der Linden L, Hoogendoorn D, Koen G, van Eijk H, Shakeel S, Beaumont T, de Jong M, Pajkrt D, Butcher SJ, Wolthers KC,

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Scientific reports 2017 09 217(1) 12075 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-12458-5
Abstract

Human parechovirus 3 (HPeV3), a member of the Picornavirus family, is frequently detected worldwide. However, the observed seropositivity rates for HPeV3 neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) vary from high in Japan to low in the Netherlands and Finland. To study if this can be explained by technical differences or antigenic diversity among HPeV3 strains included in the serological studies, we determined the neutralizing activity of Japanese and Dutch intravenous immunoglobulin batches (IVIG), a rabbit HPeV3 hyperimmune polyclonal serum, and a human HPeV3-specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) AT12-015, against the HPeV3 A308/99 prototype strain and clinical isolates from Japan, the Netherlands and Australia, collected between 1989 and 2015. The rabbit antiserum neutralized all HPeV3 isolates whereas the neutralization capacity of the IVIG batches varied, and the mAb exclusively neutralized the A308/99 strain. Mapping of the amino acid variation among a subset of the HPeV3 strains on an HPeV3 capsid structure revealed that the majority of the surface-exposed amino acid variation was located in the VP1. Furthermore, amino acid mutations in a mAb AT12-015-resistant HPeV3 A308/99 variant indicated the location for potential antigenic determinants. Virus aggregation and the observed antigenic diversity in HPeV3 can explain the varying levels of nAb seropositivity reported in previous studies.

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