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Strengthening Gastric Cancer Therapy by Trastuzumab-Conjugated Nanoparticles with Simultaneous Encapsulation of Anti-MiR-21 and 5-Fluorouridine.

Strengthening Gastric Cancer Therapy by Trastuzumab-Conjugated Nanoparticles with Simultaneous Encapsulation of Anti-MiR-21 and 5-Fluorouridine.
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Hu N, Yin JF, Ji Z, Hong Y, Wu P, Bian B, Song Z, Li R, Liu Q, Wu F,


Hu N, Yin JF, Ji Z, Hong Y, Wu P, Bian B, Song Z, Li R, Liu Q, Wu F, (click to view)

Hu N, Yin JF, Ji Z, Hong Y, Wu P, Bian B, Song Z, Li R, Liu Q, Wu F,

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Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology 2017 12 1244(6) 2158-2173 doi 10.1159/000485955
Abstract
BACKGROUND/AIMS
MicroRNA-21 is an oncogenic miR (oncomiR) frequently elevated in gastric cancer (GC). Overexpression of miR-21 decreases the sensitivity of GC cells to 5-fluorouridine (5-Fu) and trastuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Receptor-mediated endocytosis plays a crucial role in the delivery of biotherapeutics including anti-miRNA oligonucleotides (AMOs). This study is a continuation of earlier findings involving poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)-poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) nanoparticles (PEG-PCL NPs), which were coated with trastuzumab to target GC with HER2 receptor over-expression using anti-miRNA-21 (AMO-21) and 5-Fu.

METHODS
HER-PEG-PCL NPs were prepared by one-step carbodiimide coupling using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDAc) and Sulfo-NHS in aqueous phase. Covalent coupling of amino groups at the surface of PEG-PCL with the carboxyl groups of trastuzumab was analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). AMO-21/5-Fu NPs were formulated by a double-emulsion solvent evaporation technique. The cell line specificity, cellular uptake and AMO-21 delivery were investigated through the rhodamine-B-labeled 6-carboxyfluorescein (FAM)-AMO-21-PEG-PCL NPs coated with or without the antibody in both Her2-positive (NUGC4) and negative GC cells (SGC7901) visualized by fluorescence microscopy. The cytotoxicity of the HER-PEG-PCL NPs encapsulating AMO-21 was evaluated by MTT and apoptosis. Real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to examine miR-21 and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and Sprouty2 expression in GC cell lines. The antitumor effects of AMO-21/5-Fu NPs were compared with other groups in xenograft gastric cancer mice.

RESULTS
The antibody conjugates significantly enhanced the cellular uptake of NPs. The AMO-21/5-Fu NPs effectively suppressed the target miRNA expression in GC cells, which further up-regulated PTEN and Sprouty2. As a result, the sensitivity of HER2-expressing gastric cancer to trastuzumab and 5-Fu were enhanced both in vitro and in vivo. The approach enhanced the targeting by trastuzumab as well as antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) of immune effector cells Conclusions: Taken together, the results provide insight into the biological and clinical potential of targeted AMO-21 and 5-Fu co-delivery using modified trastuzumab for GC treatment.

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