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Striking a new path in reducing cartilage breakdown: combination of antioxidative therapy and chondroanabolic stimulation after blunt cartilage trauma.

Striking a new path in reducing cartilage breakdown: combination of antioxidative therapy and chondroanabolic stimulation after blunt cartilage trauma.
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Riegger J, Joos H, Palm HG, Friemert B, Reichel H, Ignatius A, Brenner RE,


Riegger J, Joos H, Palm HG, Friemert B, Reichel H, Ignatius A, Brenner RE, (click to view)

Riegger J, Joos H, Palm HG, Friemert B, Reichel H, Ignatius A, Brenner RE,

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Journal of cellular and molecular medicine 2017 08 22() doi 10.1111/jcmm.13295
Abstract

Cartilage injury can trigger crucial pathomechanisms, including excessive cell death and expression of matrix-destructive enzymes, which contribute to the progression of a post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). With the intent to create a novel treatment strategy for alleviating trauma-induced cartilage damage, we complemented a promising antioxidative approach based on cell and chondroprotective N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) by chondroanabolic stimulation. Overall, three potential pro-anabolic growth factors – IGF-1, BMP7 and FGF18 – were tested comparatively with and without NAC in an ex vivo human cartilage trauma-model. For that purpose, full-thickness cartilage explants were subjected to a defined impact (0.59 J) and subsequently treated with the substances. Efficacy of the therapeutic approaches was evaluated by cell viability, as well as various catabolic and anabolic biomarkers, representing the present matrix turnover. Although monotherapy with NAC, FGF18 or BMP7 significantly prevented trauma-induced cell dead and breakdown of type II collagen, combination of NAC and one of the growth factors did not yield significant benefit as compared to NAC alone. IGF-1, which possessed only moderate cell protective and no chondroprotective qualities after cartilage trauma, even reduced NAC-mediated cell and chondroprotection. Despite significant promotion of type II collagen expression by IGF-1 and BMP7, addition of NAC completely suppressed this chondroanabolic effect. All in all, NAC and BMP7 emerged as best combination. As our findings indicate limited benefits of the simultaneous multidirectional therapy, a sequential application might circumvent adverse interferences, such as suppression of type II collagen biosynthesis, which was found to be reversed 7 days after NAC withdrawal.

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