Stem cells and development 2017 11 09() doi 10.1089/scd.2017.0114
Stromal derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) drives endothelial colony forming cell (ECFC) homing and incorporation within neovessels, thereby restoring tissue perfusion in ischemic tissues and favouring tumor vascularization and metastasis. SDF-1α stimulates ECFC migration by activating the Gi-protein coupled receptor, CXCR4, and then engaging the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signalling pathway. Sporadic evidence showed that SDF-1α may also act through an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in bone marrow-derived hematopoietic progenitor cells and fully differentiated endothelial cells. Of note, recent evidence demonstrated that intracellular Ca2+ signals play a key role in controlling the pro-angiogenic activity of ECFCs. The present investigation was, therefore, undertaken to assess whether and how SDF-1α induces ECFC motility by triggering intracellular Ca2+ signals. We found that SDF-1α caused a dose-dependent increase in [Ca2+]i that was inhibited by ADM3100, a selective CXCR4 antagonist. Pharmacological manipulation revealed that the Ca2+ response to [Ca2+]i was shaped by an initial intracellular Ca2+ release through inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (InsP3Rs), followed by a sustained phase of extracellular Ca2+ entry through store-operated Ca2+ channels. InsP3-dependent Ca2+ release and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) were both necessary for SDF-1α-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK 1/2) and AKT phosphorylation. Finally, SDF-1α employed intracellular Ca2+ signals, ERK 1/2 and PI3K/AKT to promote ECFC migration in vitro and neovessel formation in vivo. These data, therefore, provide the first evidence that SDF-1α induces ECFC migration through the Ca2+-dependent activation of the ERK 1/2 and PI3K/AKT pathways.