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Structural abnormalities in islets from very young children with cystic fibrosis may contribute to cystic fibrosis-related diabetes.

Structural abnormalities in islets from very young children with cystic fibrosis may contribute to cystic fibrosis-related diabetes.
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Bogdani M, Blackman SM, Ridaura C, Bellocq JP, Powers AC, Aguilar-Bryan L,


Bogdani M, Blackman SM, Ridaura C, Bellocq JP, Powers AC, Aguilar-Bryan L, (click to view)

Bogdani M, Blackman SM, Ridaura C, Bellocq JP, Powers AC, Aguilar-Bryan L,

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Scientific reports 2017 12 087(1) 17231 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-17404-z
Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF)-related diabetes (CFRD) is thought to result from beta-cell injury due in part to pancreas exocrine damage and lipofibrosis. CFRD pancreata exhibit reduced islet density and altered cellular composition. To investigate a possible etiology, we tested the hypothesis that such changes are present in CF pancreata before the development of lipofibrosis. We evaluated pancreas and islet morphology in tissues from very young CF children (<4 years of age), and adult patients with CF and CFRD. The relative number of beta-cells in young CF tissues was reduced by 50% or more when compared to age-matched controls. Furthermore, young CF tissues displayed significantly smaller insulin-positive areas, lower proportion of beta-cells positive for the proliferation marker Ki67 or the ductal marker CK19 vs. control subjects, and islet inflammatory cell infiltrates, independently of the severity of the exocrine lesion and in the absence of amyloid deposits. CFRD pancreata exhibited greater islet injury with further reduction in islet density, decreased relative beta-cell number, and presence of amyloid deposits. Together, these results strongly suggest that an early deficiency in beta-cell number in infants with CF may contribute to the development of glucose intolerance in the CF pediatric population, and to CFRD, later in life.

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