Advertisement

 

 

Structural barriers to HIV prevention among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Vietnam: Diversity, stigma, and healthcare access.

Structural barriers to HIV prevention among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Vietnam: Diversity, stigma, and healthcare access.
Author Information (click to view)

Philbin MM, Hirsch JS, Wilson PA, Ly AT, Giang LM, Parker RG,


Philbin MM, Hirsch JS, Wilson PA, Ly AT, Giang LM, Parker RG, (click to view)

Philbin MM, Hirsch JS, Wilson PA, Ly AT, Giang LM, Parker RG,

Advertisement

PloS one 2018 04 0313(4) e0195000 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0195000

Abstract

Men who have sex with men (MSM) in Vietnam experience disproportionate rates of HIV infection. To advance understanding of how structural barriers may shape their engagement with HIV prevention services, we draw on 32 in-depth interviews and four focus groups (n = 31) conducted with MSM in Hanoi between October 2015- March 2016. Three primary factors emerged: (1) Diversity, both in relation to identity and income; Vietnamese MSM described themselves as segregated into Bóng kín (hidden, often heterosexually-identified MSM) and Bóng lộ (‘out,’ transgender, or effeminate MSM). Lower-income, ‘hidden’ MSM from rural areas were reluctant to access MSM-targeted services; (2) Stigma: MSM reported being stigmatized by the healthcare system, family, and other MSM; and (3) Healthcare access: this was limited due to economic barriers and lack of MSM-friendly services. Our research suggests the need for multiple strategies to reach diverse types of MSM as well as to address barriers in access to health services such as stigma and costs. While a great deal has been written about the diversity of MSM in relation to gender performance and sexual identities, our research points to the substantial structural-level barriers that must be addressed in order to achieve meaningful and effective HIV prevention for MSM worldwide.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

four + six =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]