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Structural Definition of Duck Major Histocompatibility Complex Class I Molecules That Might Explain Efficient Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Immunity to Influenza A Virus.

Structural Definition of Duck Major Histocompatibility Complex Class I Molecules That Might Explain Efficient Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Immunity to Influenza A Virus.
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Wu Y, Wang J, Fan S, Chen R, Liu Y, Zhang J, Yuan H, Liang R, Zhang N, Xia C,


Wu Y, Wang J, Fan S, Chen R, Liu Y, Zhang J, Yuan H, Liang R, Zhang N, Xia C, (click to view)

Wu Y, Wang J, Fan S, Chen R, Liu Y, Zhang J, Yuan H, Liang R, Zhang N, Xia C,

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Journal of virology 2017 06 2691(14) pii 10.1128/JVI.02511-16

Abstract

A single dominantly expressed allele of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC I) may be responsible for the duck’s high tolerance to highly pathogenic influenza A virus (HP-IAV) compared to the chicken’s lower tolerance. In this study, the crystal structures of duck MHC I (Anpl-UAA*01) and duck β2-microglobulin (β2m) with two peptides from the H5N1 strains were determined. Two remarkable features were found to distinguish the Anpl-UAA*01 complex from other known MHC I structures. A disulfide bond formed by Cys(95) and Cys(112) and connecting the β5 and β6 sheets at the bottom of peptide binding groove (PBG) in Anpl-UAA*01 complex, which can enhance IAV peptide binding, was identified. Moreover, the interface area between duck MHC I and β2m was found to be larger than in other species. In addition, the two IAV peptides that display distinctive conformations in the PBG, B, and F pockets act as the primary anchor sites. Thirty-one IAV peptides were used to verify the peptide binding motif of Anpl-UAA*01, and the results confirmed that the peptide binding motif is similar to that of HLA-A*0201. Based on this motif, approximately 600 peptides from the IAV strains were partially verified as the candidate epitope peptides for Anpl-UAA*01, which is a far greater number than those for chicken BF2*2101 and BF2*0401 molecules. Extensive IAV peptide binding should allow for ducks with this Anpl-UAA*01 haplotype to resist IAV infection.IMPORTANCE Ducks are natural reservoirs of influenza A virus (IAV) and are more resistant to the IAV than chickens. Both ducks and chickens express only one dominant MHC I locus providing resistance to the virus. To investigate how MHC I provides IAV resistance, crystal structures of the dominantly expressed duck MHC class I (pAnpl-UAA*01) with two IAV peptides were determined. A disulfide bond was identified in the peptide binding groove that can facilitate Anpl-UAA*01 binding to IAV peptides. Anpl-UAA*01 has a much wider recognition spectrum of IAV epitope peptides than do chickens. The IAV peptides bound by Anpl-UAA*01 display distinctive conformations that can help induce an extensive cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response. In addition, the interface area between the duck MHC I and β2m is larger than in other species. These results indicate that HP-IAV resistance in ducks is due to extensive CTL responses induced by MHC I.

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