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Structural Properties of Human IAPP Dimer in Membrane Environment Studied by All-Atom Molecular Dynamics Simulations.

Structural Properties of Human IAPP Dimer in Membrane Environment Studied by All-Atom Molecular Dynamics Simulations.
Author Information (click to view)

Liu N, Duan M, Yang M,


Liu N, Duan M, Yang M, (click to view)

Liu N, Duan M, Yang M,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 117(1) 7915 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-08504-x
Abstract

The aggregation of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) can damage the membrane of the β-cells in the pancreatic islets and induce type 2 diabetes (T2D). Growing evidences indicated that the major toxic species are small oligomers of IAPP. Due to the fast aggregation nature, it is hard to characterize the structures of IAPP oligomers by experiments, especially in the complex membrane environment. On the other side, molecular dynamics simulation can provide atomic details of the structure and dynamics of the aggregation of IAPP. In this study, all-atom bias-exchange metadynamics (BE-Meta) and unbiased molecular dynamics simulations were employed to study the structural properties of IAPP dimer in the membranes environments. A number of intermediates, including α-helical states, β-sheet states, and fully disordered states, are identified. The formation of N-terminal β-sheet structure is prior to the C-terminal β-sheet structure towards the final fibril-like structures. The α-helical intermediates have lower propensity in the dimeric hIAPP and are off-pathway intermediates. The simulations also demonstrate that the β-sheet intermediates induce more perturbation on the membrane than the α-helical and disordered states and thus pose higher disruption ability.

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