Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 2017 05 08() pii S0211-6995(17)30001-2
1. To identify the variables that are associated with urinary levels of properdin, MBL, C4d, and C5b-9 in patients with idiopathic IgA nephropathy. 2. To analyse whether urinary levels of MBL and/or C4d are useful for identifying the presence of mesangial deposits of C4d/MBL.
PATIENTS AND METHOD
A total of 96 patients with IgA nephropathy were studied. Demographic, clinical and biochemical variables were recorded at the time of diagnosis. Renal lesions were quantified using the Oxford classification. Immunohistochemical staining for MBL, MASP-2, properdin, C4d, and C5b-9 was performed in kidney biopsies, and in urine, the levels of properdin, MBL, C4d and C5b-9 were determined.
In multivariate analysis, the independent predictors of C4d and MBL levels in urine were the mesangial deposits of each protein and, to a lesser extent, the urinary protein excretion. The independent predictors of urinary levels of C5b-9 were MBL properdin and proteinuria. Urinary excretion of C4d had a sensitivity of 90% (95% CI: 58,7 to 99) and a specificity of 73% (95% CI: 54-87) for detecting mesangial C4d deposits, and the level of MBL had a sensitivity of 83.9% (95% CI: 62-95) and a specificity of 81.6% (95% CI: 65-92) for identifying mesangial deposits of MBL.
The main predictor of urinary concentration of C4d and MBL was the presence of their respective mesangial deposits. Urine MBL may contribute to complement activation in the tubular luz through the lectin pathway. Urinary levels of MBL and C4d could be sensitive and specific biomarkers for the identification of patients with mesangial deposits of MBL and C4d.