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Subclinical Atherosclerosis, Cardiac and Kidney Function, Heart Failure, and Dementia in the Very Elderly.

Subclinical Atherosclerosis, Cardiac and Kidney Function, Heart Failure, and Dementia in the Very Elderly.
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Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Gottdiener JS, Kitzman DW, Becker JT, Chang Y, Newman AB,


Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Gottdiener JS, Kitzman DW, Becker JT, Chang Y, Newman AB, (click to view)

Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Gottdiener JS, Kitzman DW, Becker JT, Chang Y, Newman AB,

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Journal of the American Heart Association 2017 07 226(7) pii 10.1161/JAHA.116.005353

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Heart failure (HF) and dementia are major causes of disability and death among older individuals. Risk factors and biomarkers of HF may be determinants of dementia in the elderly. We evaluated the relationship between biomarkers of cardiovascular disease and HF and risk of dementia and death. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) higher levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T, N-terminal of prohormone brain natriuretic peptide, and cystatin C predict risk of death, cardiovascular disease, HF, and dementia; (2) higher levels of cardiovascular disease biomarkers are associated with increased risk of HF and then secondary increased risk of dementia; and (3) risk of dementia is lower among participants with a combination of lower coronary artery calcium, atherosclerosis, and lower high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (myocardial injury).

METHODS AND RESULTS
The Cardiovascular Health Study Cognition Study was a continuation of the Cardiovascular Health Study limited to the Pittsburgh, PA, center from 1998-1999 to 2014. In 1992-1994, 924 participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. There were 199 deaths and 116 developed dementia before 1998-1999. Of the 609 participants eligible for the Pittsburgh Cardiovascular Health Study Cognition Study, 87.5% (n=532) were included in the study. There were 120 incident HF cases and 72% had dementia. In 80 of 87, dementia preceded HF. A combination of low coronary artery calcium score and low high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T was significantly associated with reduced risk of dementia and HF.

CONCLUSIONS
Most participants with HF had dementia but with onset before HF. Lower high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and coronary artery calcium was associated with low risk of dementia based on a small number of events.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION
URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00005133.

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