The efficacy improvement of current sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) for preventing and treating respiratory airway allergic diseases is the main purpose of many investigations. In this study, we aimed to assess whether ovalbumin (Ova) encapsulated poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid nanoparticles (PLGA NPs) decorated with dendritic cells (DCs)-specific aptamer could be applied for this purpose.The nanoparticles containing Ova were synthesized by emulsion/solvent evaporation method and attached to DCs-specific aptamer. Ova-sensitized BALB/c mice have been treated in five ways: subcutaneously with free Ova (SCIT), sublingually either with free Ova, Ova-PLGA NPs (two doses), Apt-Ova-PLGA NPs (two doses) and placebo/control Apt-Ova-PLGA NPs. For assessment of immunologic responses, IL-4, IFN-γ, IL-17, IL10, and TGF-β and IgE antibody levels were measured by ELISA and T cell proliferation were evaluated by MTT. In addition, lung and nasal histological examinations, NALF cells counting were carried out. Results declared that the lowest IgE and IL- 4 levels were observed in Apt-Ova-PLGA NPs (both doses). In the other hands, Apt-Ova-PLGA NPs (high dose) showed the highest increase of IFN- γ and TGF- β, decrease of IL-17 levels, total cell count and T-cell proliferation. IL-10 levels showed more decrease in SCIT, Apt-Ova-PLGA NPs (high dose) and Ova-PLGA NPs (high dose) than other groups. Histopathological examinations also confirmed in vitro results. Our findings suggest SLIT with this functionalized delivery system could be a promising approach for promoting the SLIT efficiency by decreasing the required allergen doses through specific delivery of allergen to sublingual DCs and enhancing the suppression of allergic responses.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.