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Submillisievert Computed Tomography of the Chest in Contact Investigation for Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis.

Submillisievert Computed Tomography of the Chest in Contact Investigation for Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis.
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Lee SC, Yoon SH, Goo JM, Yim JJ, Kim CK,


Lee SC, Yoon SH, Goo JM, Yim JJ, Kim CK, (click to view)

Lee SC, Yoon SH, Goo JM, Yim JJ, Kim CK,

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Journal of Korean medical science 32(11) 1779-1783 doi 10.3346/jkms.2017.32.11.1779

Abstract

Close contacts with infectious tuberculosis (TB) are persons at high risk for developing active disease. We preliminarily introduced submillisievert chest computed tomography (CT) scan (effective dose, 0.19-0.25 millisievert) in a contact investigation of multi-drug resistant (MDR)-TB. Baseline CT scan showed minimal nodules or branching opacities in two of six contacts. A two-month follow-up examination revealed a radiologic progression in contact 1, subsequently having the microbiologic diagnosis of MDR-TB at an asymptomatic early stage, whereas nodules transiently increased after 3 months in contact 2, followed by a decrease after one year. Contact 1 was cured after 1.5-year of anti-MDR-TB treatment. In conclusion, early identification of secondary MDR-TB is feasible with submillisievert chest CT scans in contact investigations of MDR-TB, minimizing of MDR-TB transmission and offering a favorable treatment outcome. This was a clinical trial study and was registered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT02454738).

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