SCID are characterized by an imbalance in cellular and humoral immunity. Enzyme ADA deficiency represents from 10% to 15% of the SCID. This generates diminished maturation of the cell precursors. Treatments include enzyme replacement therapy, allogenic, or autologous HSCT with gene therapy, with HSCT being of choice when an identical HLA donor exists.
Male patient, without relevant family antecedents or consanguinity. The patient had multiple infections during the first months of life, evidencing low immunoglobulin levels, with absence of T and B lymphocytes, and natural killer cells. Severe combined immunodeficiencies are considered due to ADA deficiency; management was begun and is derived to our hospital. Admission at 8 months of life, with chronic malnutrition and psychomotor retardation. The HLA studies were conducted without finding an identical donor, taken to HSCT with haploidentical donor. Conditioning regimen with cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, melphalan, and thymoglobulin. This patient received prophylaxis for graft-versus-host disease with cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, and methotrexate. A 22 months post-transplant, the patient was without immunosuppressants or immunoglobulin, without evidence of graft-versus-host disease or new infections.
The ADA deficiency is an infrequent pathology that can be potentially fatal if adequate treatment is not started. Haploidentical HSCT, using post-transplantation cyclophosphamide, emerges as a viable option with which good results can be achieved and improve the quality of life in patients with no other therapeutic alternatives.

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