Asparaginase-induced acute pancreatitis (AAP) is a concerning adverse effect in the treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphoblastic lymphoma. Typically, treatment of AAP follows a nil per os approach with or without parenteral nutrition (PN). However, with accounts of increased risk of adverse events, such as bacterial translocation and multiorgan failure when PN is used in lieu of enteral nutrition (EN), the recent literature has advocated for a change in practice to the early use of EN for children and adults with acute pancreatitis. Despite these recommendations, a gap remains in the literature regarding whether or not early enteral feedings are currently being used in pediatric oncology patients with acute pancreatitis. In our case series, we account for the successful use of EN to manage AAP in three pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoblastic lymphoma. Additionally, we describe the development of an early enteral feeding protocol for pediatric oncology patients with pancreatitis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case series chronicling the nutritional management of AAP using EN in the pediatric oncology population. The successful use of EN we have seen in our patients supports the shift in treatment practice to the use of EN in lieu of PN for this population.Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
About The Expert