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Surgical outcomes of total laparoscopic hysterectomy with 2-dimensional versus 3-dimensional laparoscopic surgical systems.

Surgical outcomes of total laparoscopic hysterectomy with 2-dimensional versus 3-dimensional laparoscopic surgical systems.
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Yazawa H, Takiguchi K, Imaizumi K, Wada M, Ito F,


Yazawa H, Takiguchi K, Imaizumi K, Wada M, Ito F, (click to view)

Yazawa H, Takiguchi K, Imaizumi K, Wada M, Ito F,

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Fukushima journal of medical science 2018 03 15() doi 10.5387/fms.2017-22
Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic surgical systems have been developed to account for the lack of depth perception, a known disadvantage of conventional 2-dimensional (2D) laparoscopy. In this study, we retrospectively compared the outcomes of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with 3D versus conventional 2D laparoscopy. From November 2014, when we began using a 3D laparoscopic system at our hospital, to December 2015, 47 TLH procedures were performed using a 3D laparoscopic system (3D-TLH). The outcomes of 3D-TLH were compared with the outcomes of TLH using the conventional 2D laparoscopic system (2D-TLH) performed just before the introduction of the 3D system. The 3D-TLH group had a statistically significantly shorter mean operative time than the 2D-TLH group (119±20 vs. 137±20 min), whereas the mean weight of the resected uterus and mean intraoperative blood loss were not statistically different. When we compared the outcomes for 20 cases in each group, using the same energy sealing device in a short period of time, only mean operative time was statistically different between the 3D-TLH and 2D-TLH groups (113±19 vs. 133±21 min). During the observation period, there was one occurrence of postoperative peritonitis in the 2D-TLH group and one occurrence of vaginal cuff dehiscence in each group, which was not statistically different. The surgeon and assistant surgeons did not report any symptoms attributable to the 3D imaging system such as dizziness, eyestrain, nausea, and headache. Therefore, we conclude that the 3D laparoscopic system could be used safely and efficiently for TLH.

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