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Surgical treatment for adult congenital heart disease: consideration for indications and procedures.

Surgical treatment for adult congenital heart disease: consideration for indications and procedures.
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Matsuo K, Kabasawa M, Asano S, Tateno S, Kawasoe Y, Okajima Y, Hayashida N, Murayama H,


Matsuo K, Kabasawa M, Asano S, Tateno S, Kawasoe Y, Okajima Y, Hayashida N, Murayama H, (click to view)

Matsuo K, Kabasawa M, Asano S, Tateno S, Kawasoe Y, Okajima Y, Hayashida N, Murayama H,

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General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 2017 11 08() doi 10.1007/s11748-017-0861-2
Abstract

The number of the adult patients with congenital heart diseases (ACHD) continues to grow owing to improvement of surgical results and medical management. Corrective surgery for complex CHD does not always mean complete cure. It is not rare that the patients will visit the cardiology institutes because of secondary lesions due to residua or sequela in adults. Some patients with CHD remain unrepairable with different degree of heart failure and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Association of arrhythmias is common in ACHD patients and sometimes critical. We experienced 265 surgical procedures for ACHD patients at our center between 1999 and 2015. Of these procedures, palliative surgery was performed in 3%, palliation to corrective surgery in 6%, primary repair in 57%, and redo surgery in 34%. Hospital mortality within 30 days in this period was 1.1%. Surgery for ACHD patients is safe, beneficial and low-risk treatment; however, tailored procedures for the individual patient are essential to obtain the optimal quality. A comprehensive multidisciplinary approach is required to fulfill this goal.

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