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Susceptibility background for type 2 diabetes in eleven Mexican Indigenous populations: HNF4A gene analysis.

Susceptibility background for type 2 diabetes in eleven Mexican Indigenous populations: HNF4A gene analysis.
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Granados-Silvestre MA, Ortiz-López MG, Granados J, Canizales-Quinteros S, Peñaloza-Espinosa RI, Lechuga C, Acuña-Alonzo V, Sánchez-Pozos K, Menjivar M,


Granados-Silvestre MA, Ortiz-López MG, Granados J, Canizales-Quinteros S, Peñaloza-Espinosa RI, Lechuga C, Acuña-Alonzo V, Sánchez-Pozos K, Menjivar M, (click to view)

Granados-Silvestre MA, Ortiz-López MG, Granados J, Canizales-Quinteros S, Peñaloza-Espinosa RI, Lechuga C, Acuña-Alonzo V, Sánchez-Pozos K, Menjivar M,

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Molecular genetics and genomics : MGG 2017 07 07() doi 10.1007/s00438-017-1340-2
Abstract

The genetic risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) increases in parallel with the proportion of Native American ancestry. Mestizo Mexicans have a 70% Native Amerindian genetic background. The T130I polymorphism in the HNF4A gene has been associated with early-onset T2D in mestizo Mexicans. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency and relationship of the T130I variant in the HNF4A gene with risk factors for developing T2D in eleven indigenous groups from Mexico. In two groups, all exons of the HNF4A gene were directly sequenced; in the remaining the T130I polymorphism was analyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphism. Ancestry informative markers were assessed to confirm the Amerindian component. An additional analysis of EHH was carried out. Interestingly, HNF4A gene screening revealed only the presence of the T130I polymorphism. The range frequency of the risk allele (T) in the indigenous groups was from 2.7 to 16%. Genotypic frequencies (T130I/I130I) were higher and significantly different from those of all of the populations included in the HapMap Project (P < 0.005). EHH scores suggest a positive selection for T130I polymorphism. Metabolic traits indicate a relationship between the T130I/I130I genotypes with high triglyceride concentrations in the indigenous groups (P < 0.005). These results strongly suggest that the high frequency of the T130I polymorphism and its biological relationship with dysfunction in lipid metabolism in Mexican indigenous groups is a risk factor for the developing of T2D in Mexicans.

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