This study focuses on Distal biceps brachii tendon (DBBT) rupture is a relatively rare injury. Nonsurgical treatment determines 30%-40% power loss of elbow flexion and up to 50% of forearm supination. Therefore, refixation of the DBBT is recommended. The DBBT is exposed to tension and compression loading. It is known that the tendon under compression might develop fibrocartilaginous metaplasia that improves the resistance to compression but reduces the resistance to tension. To test this hypothesis, the present study evaluated the presence of cartilage in DBBT samples. Furthermore, the present study evaluated the clinical and functional outcomes of anatomic reinsertion through suture anchors in a cohort of patients after 1, 3, and 5 years of follow-up.

Fibrocartilage was detected in all tendon samples collected. Two cases of transient paresthesia in the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve occurred, but they resolved in 6 weeks. There were no vascular deficits, re-ruptures, radioulnar synostoses, or infective complications at follow-up. Three patients reported loss of supination. Mayo Elbow Performance Score showed good and excellent clinical and functional results. No significant differences about strength and fatigue in flexion-supination were recorded between the surgical and contralateral side at 3 and 5 years of follow-up. Hence wr conclude that Arm dominance influenced supination but not flexion.

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