To review and to analyse the feasibility of using no urinary catheter or a catheter for less than 24 h compared with longer post-operative catheter after colorectal surgery with infraperitoneal dissection.
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing no urinary catheter or a catheter for less than 24 h (early removal, ER) and urinary catheter drainage for 2 days or longer (late removal, LR) after colorectal surgery with infraperitoneal dissection. Primary endpoint was acute urinary retention (AUR) requiring a re-catheterization. Secondary endpoints were urinary tract infection (UTI), overall morbidity and hospital length of stay. Meta-analysis met the PRISMA criteria, with a random model.
Out of 3659 articles found, 82 comparative studies on catheter duration were selected, of which five were in colorectal surgery: three randomized trials, one retrospective and one prospective series. There were 396 ER and 410 LR patients. All had undergone surgery with infraperitoneal dissection. There was no significant difference regarding AUR (OR = 2.09 [95%CI 0.97-4.52]) but significantly less UTI (OR = 0.39 [95%CI 0.22-0.67]) for early urinary catheter removal. The number needed to harm was much higher for AUR than for UTI (23.3 vs. 8).
This meta-analysis suggests that, in terms of benefit/risk ratio, in colorectal surgery with infraperitoneal anastomosis, early removal (< 24 h) of the urinary catheter would be beneficial (because of a more frequent UTI after LR than AUR after ER) and would reduce the occurrence of UTI if no AUR risk factors are present. However, these findings should be interpreted with caution because of the low quality of evidence.

© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.