Paediatric pulmonary diseases are the leading causes of mortality amongst children under five globally. Economic evaluations (EEs) seek to guide decision-makers on which health care interventions to adopt to reduce the paediatric pulmonary disease burden. This study aims to systematically review economic evaluations on different aspects of the inpatient management of paediatric pulmonary diseases globally.
We systematically reviewed EEs published between 2010 and 2020, with a subsequent search conducted for 2020-2022. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, Paediatric Economic Database Evaluation (PEDE) and the Cochrane library. We extracted data items guided by the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) checklist. We collected qualitative and quantitative data which we analysed in Microsoft Excel and R software.
Twenty-two articles met the inclusion criteria. Six of the articles were cost-effectiveness analyses, six cost-utility analyses, two cost-minimisation analyses and eight cost analyses. Twelve articles were from high-income countries (HICs) and ten were from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Eight articles focused on asthma, eleven on pneumonia, two on asthma and pneumonia, and one on tuberculosis.
Conducting more EEs for paediatric pulmonary diseases in LMICs could allow for more evidence-based decision-making to improve paediatric health outcomes.

© 2023. The Author(s).