Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary malignant brain tumor in adults with a dismal prognosis. We previously reported that vaccination with heat shock protein peptide complex-96 (HSPPC-96) improves survival in patients with newly diagnosed GBM (NCT02122822). Especially for patients with a strong antitumor immune response after vaccination, a durable survival benefit can be achieved. Here, we conducted T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing to retrospectively examine the TCR repertoires of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in long-term survivors (LTS) and short-term survivors (STS). We found that LTS exhibit lower TCR repertoire diversity compared with STS, indicating the prevalence of dominant TCR clones in LTS tumors. Accordingly, the LTS group showed increased inter-patient similarity, especially among high-frequency TCR clones, implying some of these dominant clones are shared among LTS. Indeed, we discovered four TCR clones significantly enriched in the LTS group: the presence of these clones has predictive value for stratifying patients prior to vaccination. Together, these findings uncover a group of preexisting TCR clones shared in LTS that can be utilized as candidate biomarkers to select GBM patients most likely to durably respond to HSPPC-96 treatment.
© 2020 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.