Conference Highlights: CROI 2010

The Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, or CROI, held its 2010 annual conference from February 16 to 19 in San Francisco. The features below highlight some of the news emerging from the meeting. For more information on these items and other research that was presented, go to Hormonal Contraception in Women With HIV The Particulars: There has been a significant unmet need for contraception among HIV-positive women. Reports from the World Health Organization currently conclude that most forms of contraception are safe for HIV-positive women. Use of hormonal contraception has doubled over the past decade, but had still reached only 19.2% in 2005-2006. Data Breakdown: A population-based study of 625 women in Uganda who had more than 10 years of follow-up and yearly information on contraceptive use was conducted. Hormonal contraception was associated with a median of 4.45 years longer until AIDS or death compared with no contraception. However, hormonal contraception appeared to offer no more benefit with regard to risk of AIDS and death than other forms of contraception. Take Home Pearls: Hormonal contraception appears to carry no harm for women with HIV. Users of the pill and other forms of hormonal contraception appear to be protected against progression to AIDS or death. Increasing the Identification of HIV The Particulars: Identifying patients with HIV earlier, when they have higher CD4 counts, is important because these individuals are more likely to respond to therapy. Washington, DC has one of the highest rates of HIV in the United States, with an estimated prevalence of 3%. Data Breakdown: Washington, DC’s Department of Health launched an initiative in 2006 with...