Staphylocoagulase (Coa) is a virulence factor of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) that promotes blood coagulation by activating prothrombin to convert fibrinogen to fibrin. Coa plays a crucial role in disease pathogenesis and is a promising target for the treatment of S. aureus infections. Here, we identified that isoquercitrin, a natural flavonol compound, can markedly reduce the activity of Coa at concentrations that have no effect on bacterial growth. Mechanistic studies employing molecular dynamics simulation revealed that isoquercitrin binds to Coa by interacting with Asp-181 and Tyr-188, thereby affecting the binding of Coa to prothrombin. Importantly, in vivo studies showed that isoquercitrin treatment significantly reduced the bacterial burden, pathological damage, and inflammation of lung tissue and improved the percentage of survival of mice infected with S. aureus Newman strain. These data suggest that isoquercitrin is a promising inhibitor of Coa that can be used for the development of therapeutic drugs to combat S. aureus infections.Key Points• Staphylocoagulase plays a key role in the pathogenesis of S. aureus infection.• We identified that isoquercitrin is a direct inhibitor of staphylocoagulase.• Isoquercitrin treatment can significantly attenuate S. aureus virulence in vivo.
May 28, 2020
Hard exudate detection based on deep model learned information and multi-feature joint representation for diabetic retinopathy screening.
February 25, 2020