To determine the frequency and association of single nucleotide polymorphism of transcription cell factor7-like2 rs7903146 (C>T) in metabolic syndrome patients with and without acute coronary syndrome.
The cross-sectional comparative study was conducted at the University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan, from July to December 2017. Patients of metabolic syndrome with and without acute coronary syndrome were selected from Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore, and the Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore. Healthy subjects were enrolled to act as controls. A fasting blood sample of 8ml was taken for deoxyribonucleic acid extraction and estimation of biochemical parameters. Single nucleotide polymorphism of transcription cell factor7-like2 rs7903146 C>T was determined using restriction fragment length polymorphism. SPSS 22 was used for data analysis.
Of the 500 subjects, 200(40%) were group A patients without acute coronary syndrome, 100(20%) were in group B with acute coronary syndrome and 200(40%) were group C controls. Overall, 385(77%) were males and 115(23%) were females. The frequency of CC variant in group A was 35(17.5%) and in group C 22(11%), while CT was 32(16%) and 65(32.5%), and TT was 133(66.5%) and 113(56.5%), respectively. There was significant association of TT genotype with increased risk of metabolic syndrome (p=0.031), and CC genotype had no association (p=0.121). There was no significant difference of genotype frequency between groups A and B (p=0.246), but TT variant was significantly higher in group A compared to group B (p=0.009).
TT genotype of transcription cell factor7-like2 rs7903146 C>T was found to be associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome in patients without acute coronary syndrome compared to those with acute coronary syndrome and healthy controls.