This study states that the Given the superior patency of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and the decreased risk of infection compared with arteriovenous grafts, the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines have recommended the fistula-first approach. However, ∼20% to 60% of all fistulas will fail to mature. We have described our experience with a novel technique using bovine pericardial patch angioplasty to increase the rate of AVF maturation.

We used 2-cm × 9-cm-long or 2.5-cm × 15-cm-long segment pericardial patch angioplasty to assist in the maturation of AVFs. A single-center, retrospective cohort study was conducted of all patients who had undergone patch angioplasty maturation (PAM) for AVFs that had failed to mature. The outcomes of interest were maturation status and patency, censored by the death and last known follow-up dates.

From March 2007 to October 2019, 139 patients had undergone PAM. Follow-up data were available for 137 of the 139 patients (98.6%), with 126 AVFs (92.0%) progressing to maturation. Of the 126 patients with AVFs that had progressed to maturity, the previous hemodialysis (HD) method was known for 88 patients (69.8%).

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