The impact of teratomatous elements in orchiectomy specimens of metastasized testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) regarding oncological outcome is still unclear.
We performed a retrospective analysis including 146 patients with metastasized TGCT analysing patient characteristics.
Twenty-six (18%) of all patients showed teratomatous elements in the orchiectomy specimens. TGCT with teratomatous elements showed a significantly higher frequency of clinical-stage 2C-3 disease (73 vs. 49%, p = 0.031), visceral metastases (58 vs. 32%, p = 0.015), and poor prognosis (p = 0.011) than TGCT without teratomatous elements. Teratoma-containing TGCT revealed a significantly higher rate of post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND, 54 vs. 32%, p = 0.041), with teratomatous elements being more often present in the PC-RPLND specimens (43 vs. 11%, p = 0.020) than nonteratoma-containing primaries. In the Kaplan-Meier estimates, the presence of teratomatous elements in orchiectomy specimens was associated with a significantly reduced relapse-free survival (RFS) (p = 0.049) during a median follow-up of 36 months (10-115.5).
The presence of teratomatous elements in orchiectomy specimens is associated with an advanced tumor stage, worse treatment response as well as a reduced RFS in metastasized TGCT. Consequently, the presence of teratomatous elements might act as a reliable stratification tool for treatment decision in TGCT patients.

© 2021 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.