Bacteria release membrane vesicles into the extracellular environment but which activity is unclear. We investigated the applications of extracellular vesicles (EVs) isolated from probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum to protect tuna fish against spoilage and quality loss in this study. A significant difference was found in EVs size obtained from L. plantarum after 8, 24, and 48 hr incubation. The L. plantarum-derived EVs were collected and used to confirm the anti-bacterial activity versus Shewanella putrefaciens. Finally, the tuna fish was stored at 4 °C for 5 days after coating with EVs or sodium erythorbate, and the quality indexes were assayed. Results indicated that EVs markedly inhibited oxidation reaction, total volatile base nitrogen (TVBN), peroxide value (PV), malondialdehyde (MDA), and bacteria levels. These results finding out that EVs from L. plantarum may have potential for application in food storage technology. Overall, we indicated this new material may be developed as an anti-bacterial agent for prolonging the shelf life of tuna fish.
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