Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association 2017 02 06() doi 10.1111/dme.13325
The clinical relevance of hyperglycaemia in an emergency department population remains incompletely understood. We investigated the association between admission blood glucose levels and adverse clinical outcomes in a large emergency department cohort.
We prospectively enrolled 7132 adult medical patients seeking emergency department care in three tertiary care hospitals in Switzerland, France and the USA. We used adjusted multivariable logistic regression models to examine the association between admission blood glucose levels and 30-day mortality, as well as adverse clinical course stratified by pre-existing diabetes and principal medical diagnoses.
In 6044 people without diabetes (84.7%), severe hyperglycaemia, defined as a glucose level of > 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl), was associated with a doubling in the risk of 30-day mortality [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.9; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.1 to 3.3; P = 0.018] and a three-fold increase in the risk of intensive care unit admission (adjusted OR 3.0; 95% CI, 1.9 to 4.9; P < 0.001). These associations were similar among different diagnoses. In the population with diabetes (n = 1088), no association with 30-day mortality was found (adjusted OR 1.0; 95% CI, 0.6 to 1.8; P for interaction = 0.001), whereas the association with intensive care unit admission was weaker (adjusted OR 2.4; 95% CI, 1.5 to 4.1; P for interaction = 0.011). Overall 30-day mortality was higher in those with diabetes than in those without (6.1 vs. 4.4%, P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS
In this large medical emergency department patient cohort, admission hyperglycaemia was strongly associated with adverse clinical course in people without diabetes. (Clinical Trial Registry No: NCT01768494). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.