Little is known about the relationship between blood pressure (BP) and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people with proteinuria and a preserved estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). This study sought to investigate the association of BP with CVD risk in adults with proteinuria and preserved eGFR. We studied 188,837 individuals with proteinuria and preserved eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m. We categorized individuals who were not taking BP-lowering medications into four groups based on the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association BP guideline and categorized those who were taking BP-lowering medications using the same BP ranges. The primary outcome was a composite CVD endpoint that included myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, stroke, and heart failure. Over a mean follow-up of 1,050 days, 7,039 CVD events were identified. Compared with normal BP, stage 1 hypertension (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.30, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.21-1.40) and stage 2 hypertension (HR: 2.17, 95% CI: 2.01-2.34) were associated with an increased risk for CVD events among medication-naïve individuals. Only stage 2 hypertension range (HR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.02-1.38) was associated with an increased CVD event risk among people taking BP-lowering medications. Restricted cubic spline analysis showed that the risk of CVD events increased monotonically with BP at an SBP/DBP > 120/80 mmHg among medication-naïve individuals, but risk increased only at an SBP/DBP > 140/90 mmHg among individuals taking BP-lowering medications. In conclusion, among people with proteinuria and preserved eGFR, stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension were associated with a greater risk of CVD among medication-naïve individuals, whereas only stage 2 hypertension was associated with an increased CVD risk among those taking BP-lowering medications.
© 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Japanese Society of Hypertension.