This study states that TV viewing is associated with elevated plasma glucose, but it is not clear whether such associations can be modified by dietary patterns.

We examined the interactions of TV viewing time and dietary patterns in relation to fasting and 2-hour plasma glucose. Cross-sectional analyses were performed among participants (N = 3081; 44.7% male; mean age 57.8 years) from the 2011 to 2012 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab) without clinically diagnosed diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Factor analysis (principal component) was conducted to identify dietary patterns. Multivariable linear regression models were used to examine distinct associations of TV viewing time and dietary patterns with fasting and 2-hour plasma glucose. Dichotomous TV viewing time (low: ≤ 2 h/d vs high: >2 h/d) and quartiles of dietary patterns were further combined to examine the joint associations with plasma glucose.

Three dietary patterns were identified: prudent, Western, and mixed. TV viewing time was positively associated (β = .01, P < .05) and the prudent dietary pattern was inversely associated.

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