Transitional care (TC) has become increasingly important for elders with chronic diseases (CDs) discharged from hospital as the population ages. This study aims to analyze the health quality of life (HQoL) in elders received TC based on the Short Form-36 (SF-36) indicator.
PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Science Direct were systematically search for studies. Studies compared HQoL used SF-36 between TC and usual care on elders discharged for CDs were included. Analysis was performed with respect to the 8 dimensions of SF-36.
A total of 16 studies were included. Compared with usual care, (1) the scores of SF-36 outcomes increase as follow-up time extending; (2) transitional care significantly improved mental health, physical functioning and vitality at both short and long term after discharge; (3) transitional care only significantly improved general health and social function at long term; and role limitation due to emotional problems and bodily pain at short term; (4) transitional care significantly improved general health, mental health, physical functioning, social function and vitality for patients with hip fracture at long term.
TC can significantly improve physically and mentally HQoL for elder patients discharge for CDs compared with usual care.

© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.