The aim of this study was to estimate the burden of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) attributable to a diet high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in China from 1990 to 2017.

Data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 were used to assess all-age and age-standardized, risk-attributable mortality, years of life lost (YLL), years of life with disability (YLD), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) by age, sex, year, province, and sociodemographic index (SDI). For total noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), 12 523 (95% uncertainty interval 776-27 631) deaths, 305 288 (18 611-661 847) YLL, 142 051 (64 530-257 468) YLD, and 447 339 (132 677-858 838) DALYs were attributable to diet high in SSBs in 2017, particularly among males. Age-sex–specific, risk-attributable mortality and YLL rates for IHD in older adults (over 65 years) were higher than in young (between 25 and 39 years) and middle-aged adults (between 40 and 64 years) in 2017; however, the YLD and DALY rates for T2DM were higher in young and middle-aged males than in older males.

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