The relevant ecological changes due to the anthropological pressure on the planet is causing reactions in the biological systems, which we must understand and characterize at the local scale to assist the adoption of suitable decisions in the public health risk management. The project presented in this paper is focused on the vector-borne diseases, mainly transmitted by mosquitoes. The species of mosquito currently playing an active role of public health importance in Italy are Aedes albopictus, as a vector of Chikungunya, Dengue and Zika viruses, as well as Culex pipiens, as a vector of West Nile and Usutu viruses. Predictive models are indicating the risk of introduction and establishment in the Mediterranean basin of Aedes aegypti, which is causing a mayor concern. The project has been conducted by the Emilia-Romagna, Piemonte, Veneto, Marche and Sicilia Regions, together with the Italian National Health Institute. The aim was to develop and pilot testing new approaches and technological tools possibly assisting the public health system in the management of the risk. The activities have been organized on six specific objectives: 1. Development and field testing of guidelines for the surveillance of invasive mosquito species; 2. Creation of risk maps for Chikungunya, Dengue and Zika viruses based on the quantitative monitoring of Aedes albopictus populations; 3. Shaping web platform models assisting the sharing of data from/to actors involved in the integrated surveillance of West Nile at the regional level; 4. Developing communication formats dealing with vector borne diseases addressing citizen and specific categories; 5. Approaching the cost-benefit analysis in the view to assist decision makers; 6. Sero-surveillance on arboviruses not included in the Ministry directive (Tick Borne Encephalitis and Toscana virus). The achieved results are presented and the acquired experience is made available to promote the adoptions on a larger scale of the approaches and methods to be certainly adapted in the specific contexts. The one health approach seems suitable to address the necessities emerging in this field by taking into consideration the different triggers shaping the dynamics we are observing.