The indices of population health exhibit tendency to deteriorate with age. The high level of morbidity, prevalence of chronic diseases, polymorbidity, atypical course of disease, continuous rehabilitation period, frequent complications and exacerbations are specific for individuals over able-bodied age. The purpose of study is to analyze dynamic, structure and characteristics of morbidity of population over able-bodied age in the Russian Federation. The study established specific features in dynamics and structure of morbidity of elderly population during 2012-2018. They are associated with high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, diseases of musculoskeletal system and connective tissue. Furthermore, there is variety in morbidity rates of neoplasms, endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases, mental and behavioral disorders, diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism, diseases of the eye and adnexa, diseases of ear and mastoid process and also symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not classified in other rubrics. The analysis of indices of primary and common morbidity of pneumonia in elderly population of different regions of the Russian Federation was carried out.