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The Chondrocyte Channelome: A Narrative Review.

The Chondrocyte Channelome: A Narrative Review.
Author Information (click to view)

Mobasheri A, Matta C, Uzielienè I, Budd E, Martín-Vasallo P, Bernotiene E,


Mobasheri A, Matta C, Uzielienè I, Budd E, Martín-Vasallo P, Bernotiene E, (click to view)

Mobasheri A, Matta C, Uzielienè I, Budd E, Martín-Vasallo P, Bernotiene E,

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Joint, bone, spine : revue du rhumatisme 2018 02 13() pii S1297-319X(18)30015-0
Abstract

Chondrocytes are the main cells in the extracellular matrix of articular cartilage and possess a highly differentiated phenotype that is the hallmark of the unique physiological functions of this specialised load-bearing connective tissue. The plasma membrane of articular chondrocytes contains a rich and diverse complement of membrane proteins, known as the membranome, which defines the cell surface phenotype of the cells. The membranome is a key target of pharmacological agents and is important for chondrocyte function. It includes channels, transporters, enzymes, receptors, and anchors for intracellular, cytoskeletal and extracellular matrix proteins and other macromolecular complexes. The chondrocyte channelome, is a sub-compartment of the membranome and includes a complete set of ion channels and porins expressed in these cells. Many of these are multi-functional proteins with "moonlighting" roles, serving as channels, receptors and signalling components of larger molecular assemblies. The aim of this review is to summarise our current knowledge of the fundamental aspects of the chondrocyte channelome, discuss its relevance to cartilage biology and highlight its possible role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). Excessive and inappropriate mechanical loads, an inflammatory micro-environment, alternative splicing of channel components or accumulation of basic calcium phosphate crystals can result in an altered chondrocyte channelome function. Alterations in Casignalling may lead to defective synthesis of ECM macromolecules and aggravated catabolic responses in chondrocytes, which is an important and relatively unexplored aspect of the complex mechanism of OA development.

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