The aim: Is the analysis of chronic kidney disease risk in patients with arterial hypertension and coexistent hyperuricemia.
Materials and methods:We observed 40 patients with arterial hypertension and coexistent hyperuricemia (I group), 35 – with arterial hypertension (II group) and 30 practically healthy people (control). The duration of hypertension was 4,3 ± 2,31 years and 4,0 ± 2,11 years (p = 0,9247) for I and II group respectively, of hyperuricemia – 4,1 ± 0,35 years for I group. Categories of albuminuria (А1, А2, А3) and glomerular filtration rate (G1, G2, G3A, G3B, G4, G5) were determined in all observed patients. Clinical, anthropometric, biochemical, immunoassay, statistical (SPSS 21, Graph Pad) methods were used.
Results:The categories of albuminuria and glomerular filtration rate in patients from the I group demonstrated that A1G1 was confirmed in 3 persons, A1G2 – 5, A2G1 – 7, A2G2 – 20, A1G3A – 1, A1G3B – 1, A2G3A – 2, A2G3B – 1. Among patients from the II group category A1G1 was defined in 7, A1G2 – 2, A2G1 – 16, A2G2 – 10 persons. The percent of low chronic kidney disease risk was on 5,7 % higher in hypertensive persons comparable with comorbid persons. High and very high risk was confirmed in 10 % persons from I group and nobody from the ІІ group.
Conclusions:Chronic kidney disease risk is increased in patients with arterial hypertension and coexistent hyperuricemia. This indicates an association between elevated uric acid levels and chronic kidney disease progression.