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The congenital long QT syndrome Type 3: An update.

The congenital long QT syndrome Type 3: An update.
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Pérez-Riera AR, Barbosa-Barros R, Raimundo RD, da Costa de Rezende Barbosa MP, Sorpreso ICE, de Abreu LC,


Pérez-Riera AR, Barbosa-Barros R, Raimundo RD, da Costa de Rezende Barbosa MP, Sorpreso ICE, de Abreu LC, (click to view)

Pérez-Riera AR, Barbosa-Barros R, Raimundo RD, da Costa de Rezende Barbosa MP, Sorpreso ICE, de Abreu LC,

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Indian pacing and electrophysiology journal 2017 10 31() pii S0972-6292(17)30178-X
Abstract

Congenital long QT syndrome type 3 (LQT3) is the third in frequency compared to the 15 forms known currently of congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS). Cardiac events are less frequent in LQT3 when compared with LQT1 and LQT2, but more likely to be lethal; the likelihood of dying during a cardiac event is 20% in families with an LQT3 mutation and 4% with either an LQT1 or an LQT2 mutation. LQT3 is consequence of mutation of gene SCN5A which codes for the Nav1.5 Na(+) channel α-subunit and electrocardiographically characterized by a tendency to bradycardia related to age, prolonged QT/QTc interval (mean QTc value 478 ± 52 ms), accentuated QT dispersion consequence of prolonged ST segment, late onset of T wave and frequent prominent U wave because of longer repolarization of the M cell across left ventricular wall.

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