Advertisement

 

 

The Discovery, Mechanisms, and Evolutionary Impact of Anti-CRISPRs.

The Discovery, Mechanisms, and Evolutionary Impact of Anti-CRISPRs.
Author Information (click to view)

Borges AL, Davidson AR, Bondy-Denomy J,


Borges AL, Davidson AR, Bondy-Denomy J, (click to view)

Borges AL, Davidson AR, Bondy-Denomy J,

Advertisement

Annual review of virology 2017 07 27() doi 10.1146/annurev-virology-101416-041616

Abstract

Bacteria and archaea use CRISPR-Cas adaptive immune systems to defend themselves from infection by bacteriophages (phages). These RNA-guided nucleases are powerful weapons in the fight against foreign DNA, such as phages and plasmids, as well as a revolutionary gene editing tool. Phages are not passive bystanders in their interactions with CRISPR-Cas systems, however; recent discoveries have described phage genes that inhibit CRISPRCas function. More than 20 protein families, previously of unknown function, have been ascribed anti-CRISPR function. Here, we discuss how these CRISPR-Cas inhibitors were discovered and their modes of action elucidated. We also consider the potential impact of anti-CRISPRs on bacterial and phage evolution. Finally, we speculate about the future of this field. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Virology Volume 4 is September 29, 2017. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

4 × three =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]