Olanzapine has been used for the treatment of schizophrenia and other mental disorders. However, it is associated with serious weight gain and other metabolic side-effects. The antagonistic affinity of olanzapine to muscarinic M3 receptors has been evidenced as one of the main contributors for its weight gain and other metabolic side-effects. Therefore, this study investigated whether the co-treatment of cevimeline (a M3 receptor agonist) could prevent the metabolic side-effects associated with olanzapine medication. Female Sprague Dawley rats were treated orally with olanzapine (2 mg/kg, t.i.d.) and/or cevimeline at 3 dosages (3, 6, 9 mg/kg, t.i.d.), or vehicle for two weeks. Weight gain and food/water intake were measured throughout the drug treatment period. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests and open field tests were conducted. Olanzapine-treated rats demonstrated significantly elevated body weight gain, food intake, feeding efficiency, total white fat mass, liver mass, and plasma triglyceride levels, which could be partly reversed by the co-treatment with cevimeline in a dosage-dependent manner. In general, the body weight gain can only be reversed by the co-treatment of 9 mg/kg cevimeline. The cevimeline co-treatment decreased plasma triglyceride and glucose levels compared with olanzapine only treatment. The results suggested a dosage-dependent effect of cevimeline in ameliorating olanzapine-induced weight gain and metabolic side-effects, which supports further clinical trials using cevimeline to control weight gain and metabolic side-effects caused by antipsychotic medications.Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.
March 1, 2021
A unified framework for assessing the readiness of European Union economies to migrate to a circular modelling.
February 25, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- Psych Congress 2019The annual Psych Congress, held in San Diego, California, from October 3-6, 2019, brings together members of the entire mental health team, including psychiatrists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, psychologists, and primary care physicians, with experts in mental health to improve patient outcomes through education.