Asphyxia is the second leading cause of neonatal death in the world. The indicator for the diagnosis of asphyxia in newborns is the APGAR score. APGAR score at the fifth minute of life correlated with the asphyxia degree. This study was done with the purpose to estimate how great the effect of asphyxia on neonatal death based on the results of some previous studies.
This was a systematic and meta-analysis study. The articles used in this study were obtained from several databases. The articles were selected using the PICO model. The population of this study was neonatal with intervention in the form of asphyxia, comparison, and outcome in the form of death. These articles were collected for 1 month. The articles included in this study were full-text articles with a cross-sectional study design. The articles were collected using PRISMA flow diagrams. The articles were analyzed using the Review Manager 5.3 application.
The findings of the study concluded that 6 articles were reviewed in this study. This study showed that asphyxia increased the risk of neonatal death.