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The effect of combined treatment of opioids with methylphenidate on nociception in rats and pain in human.

The effect of combined treatment of opioids with methylphenidate on nociception in rats and pain in human.
Author Information (click to view)

Yamamotová A, Fricová J, Rokyta R, Šlamberová R,


Yamamotová A, Fricová J, Rokyta R, Šlamberová R, (click to view)

Yamamotová A, Fricová J, Rokyta R, Šlamberová R,

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Physiological research 65(Supplementum 5) S567-S575
Abstract

Methylphenidate hydrochloride (MPH/Ritalin) is a stimulant used for off-label management of cancer-related fatigue and sedation; however, its use in pain treatment is still relatively rare. This study 1) compares the antinociceptive effect of MPH and its combination with morphine (MOR) in adult male Wistar rats after a single administration of MPH, MOR or their combination, and 2) compares the analgesic effects of opioids and Ritalin combined therapy with opioid monotherapy in patients with cancer pain. To objectively assess physical activity during a three-week monitoring period, patients were equipped with Actiwatch Score Actigraph. Patients performed daily evaluations of pain intensity and frequency, and the extent to which pain interfered with their daily life. Our research with rats supports the evidence that MPH in lower doses has the ability to enhance the analgesic properties of morphine when the two drugs are used in combination. Results from the patient arm of our study found that short-term treatment had no significant effect on intensity or frequency of pain, however it decreased the overall burden of pain; the combined treatment of opioid and Ritalin also showed anti-sedation effects and resulted in mild improvement in one of our patient’s quality of life.

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