The main aim of this study is to understand Frailty is a multidimensional vulnerability due to age associated decline. The impact of frailty on long term outcomes was assessed in a cohort of vascular surgical patients. Patients aged over 65 years with a length of stay greater than two days admitted to a tertiary vascular unit over a single calendar year were included. Demographics, mode of admission, and diagnosis were recorded alongside a variety of frailty specific characteristics. Using the previously developed Addenbrookes Vascular Frailty Score (AVFS – 6 point score: anaemia on admission, lack of independent mobility, polypharmacy, Waterlow score > 13, depression, and emergency admission) the effect of frailty on five year mortality and re-admission rates was assessed using multivariable regression techniques. The AVFS was further refined to assess longer term outcomes. In total, 410 patients (median age 77 years) were included and followed up until death or five years from the index admission. One hundred and thirty-four were treated for aortic aneurysm, 75 and 96 for acute and chronic limb ischaemia respectively, 52 for carotid disease, and 53 for other pathologies. The in hospital mortality rate was 3.6%. The one, three, and five year survival rates were 83%, 70% and 59%; and the one, three, and five year re-admission free survival rates were 47%, 29%, and 22% respectively.

Reference link- https://www.jvascsurg.org/article/S0741-5214(20)31619-0/fulltext