This study was done in order to investigate the effect of short stature on cognitive abilities and psychosocial conditions of primary school children.

This was observational analytic research that included 81 students from 3rd – 5th grades through consecutive sampling techniques. The student’s height was measured. Children’s cognitive ability was assessed based on mathematics, Indonesian languages, and natural sciences score. Children’s psychosocial condition was assessed using Pediatric Symptom Checklist-17.

50 of 81 students were classified as normal height and 31 students with short stature. Short stature children had lower cognitive abilities and psychosocial conditions than normal height children. Sex, age, and socio-economic condition were not associated with children’s cognitive abilities. Age, sex, and socio-economic conditions were also not associated with children’s psychosocial conditions.

This study concluded through its findings that a significant effect of short stature on children’s cognitive abilities and psychosocial conditions in primary school. Age, sex, and socio-economic condition are not associated with children’s cognitive abilities and psychosocial conditions. Screening and comprehensive management of short stature are needed to minimize the negative effect.

Reference: https://thejmch.com/index.php?journal=thejmch&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=334