Factors such as food processing, the food matrix and antacid medication may affect the bio-accessibility of proteins in the gastrointestinal tract and hence their allergenic activity. However, at present they are poorly understood.
Roasted peanut flour was incurred into either a chocolate dessert or cookie matrix and bio-accessibility assessed using an in vitro digestion system comprising a model chew and simulated gastric and duodenal digestion. Protein digestion was monitored by SDS-PAGE and immunoreactivity analysed by immunoblotting and immunoassay. IgE reactivity was assessed by immunoassay using serum panels from peanut-allergic subjects. Roasted peanut flour proteins proved highly digestible following gastro-duodenal digestion even when incurred into a food matrix, with only low molecular weight polypeptides of Mr<8 kDa remaining. When gastric digestion was performed at pH 6.5 (simulating the effect of antacid medication) peanut proteins were not digested; subsequent duodenal digestion was also limited. IgE reactivity of the major peanut allergens Ara h 1, Ara h 2 and Ara h 6, although reduced, was retained after oral-gastro-duodenal digestion irrespective of digestion conditions employed.
Peanut allergen bio-accessibility was unaffected by the dessert or cookie matrices whilst high intra-gastric pH conditions rendered allergens more resistant to digestion. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.