The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the presence or absence of skull fractures on the development of intracranial lesions in cases of head trauma associated with traffic accidents.
A retrospective review was made of the medico-legal reports of 774 cases with injuries sustained in a traffic accident and which applied for expert examination as forensic cases at the Department of Forensic Medicine of our University between 1 January 2014 and 31 December 2019. A total of 162 cases (20.1%) were identified which were radiologically diagnosed with at least one skull fracture or intracranial lesion. These cases were evaluated in terms of age, gender, type of accident, and localization of skull fractures and/or intracranial lesions, and they were compared statistically to determine whether the presence or absence of skull fractures affected the development of intracranial lesions.
The 162 cases evaluated comprised 120 males and 42 females with a mean age of 25.1 ± 16.4 years. Intracranial lesions were accompanied by skull fractures in 77 cases, skull fracture alone was determined in 18 cases, and intracranial lesion alone in 67 cases. Skull fractures were mostly (64.5%) seen in the 1-20 years age group, and the intracranial lesions (90%) were mostly seen in the ≥41 years age group. Linear and diastatic fracture rates were highest in the temporal and frontal regions. The intracranial lesion/case ratio was 1.5/1 in cases without skull fracture, and 1.2/1 in cases with skull fracture.
The results of this study showed that the rate of linear or diastatic fractures was higher in females, which was associated with skull thickness. Skull fractures were found to occur most between the ages of 1 and 20 years, and the presence of skull fractures was determined to reduce the incidence of intracranial lesions by decreasing intracranial pressure.

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