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The effect of very-low-calorie diet on mitochondrial dysfunction in subcutaneous adipose tissue and peripheral monocytes of obese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

The effect of very-low-calorie diet on mitochondrial dysfunction in subcutaneous adipose tissue and peripheral monocytes of obese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
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Urbanová M, Mráz M, Ďurovcová V, Trachta P, Kloučková J, Kaválková P, Haluzíková D, Lacinová Z, Hansíková H, Wenchich L, Kršek M, Haluzík M,


Urbanová M, Mráz M, Ďurovcová V, Trachta P, Kloučková J, Kaválková P, Haluzíková D, Lacinová Z, Hansíková H, Wenchich L, Kršek M, Haluzík M, (click to view)

Urbanová M, Mráz M, Ďurovcová V, Trachta P, Kloučková J, Kaválková P, Haluzíková D, Lacinová Z, Hansíková H, Wenchich L, Kršek M, Haluzík M,

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Physiological research 2017 07 18()
Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunction is a potentially important player in the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We investigated the changes of mRNA expression of genes encoding main enzymatic complexes of mitochondrial respiratory chain in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) and peripheral monocytes (PM) of 11 subjects with simple obesity (OB), 16 obese patients with T2DM and 17 healthy lean subjects (C) before and after very low-calorie diet (VLCD) using quantitative real time PCR. At baseline in SCAT, both T2DM and OB group had decreased mRNA expression of all investigated mitochondrial genes with the exception of 2 complex I (NDUFA12) and complex IV (COX4/1) enzymes in OB subjects. In contrast, in PM only the expression of complex I enzymes NDUFA12 and MT-ND5 was reduced in both T2DM and OB subjects along with decreased expression of citrate synthase (CS) in T2DM group. Additionally, T2DM subjects showed reduced activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase and complex IV in peripheral blood elements. VLCD further decreased mRNA expression of CS and complex I (NT-ND5) and II (SDHA) enzymes in SCAT and complex IV (COX4/1) and ATP synthase in PM of T2DM group, while increasing the activity of complex IV in their peripheral blood elements. We conclude that impaired mitochondrial biogenesis and decreased activity of respiratory chain enzymatic complexes was present in SCAT and PM of obese and diabetic patients. VLCD improved metabolic parameters and ameliorated mitochondrial oxidative function in peripheral blood elements of T2DM subjects but had only minor and inconsistent effect on mitochondrial gene mRNA expression in SCAT and PM.

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