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The effectiveness of an educational intervention for sodium restriction in patients with hypertension: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

The effectiveness of an educational intervention for sodium restriction in patients with hypertension: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
Author Information (click to view)

Rodrigues MP, Dos Santos LKJ, Fuchs FD, Fuchs SC, Moreira LB,


Rodrigues MP, Dos Santos LKJ, Fuchs FD, Fuchs SC, Moreira LB, (click to view)

Rodrigues MP, Dos Santos LKJ, Fuchs FD, Fuchs SC, Moreira LB,

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Trials 2017 07 2118(1) 347 doi 10.1186/s13063-017-2091-4
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions in blood pressure reduction has been evidenced by several studies. Nevertheless, as adherence to a low-sodium diet is poor, interventions regarding habit changing should be of a motivational nature in order to develop the ability of overcoming obstacles regarding sodium-restriction behavior. The present study aims to describe the protocol and randomization of a clinical trial design in order to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention based on Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) scores. The effectiveness measures are the DSRQ score variation and reduction in urinary sodium values from baseline to after 2 and 6 months.

METHODS/DESIGN
This parallel, randomized clinical trial will include 120 participants, recruited and randomized as follows: 60 of them to be allocated to a sodium-restriction educational intervention group whose results are based on the DSRQ application; and the other 60 allocated to a control group with usual care. Educational orientation and usual care sessions will be conducted once a month for a period of 6 months. Both spot urine collection – estimating sodium intake – and the DSRQ will be applied at the baseline, in the eighth week and at the end of the follow-up. There will also be blood collection and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) at the beginning and end of the follow-up. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure measurement and 24-h food recall will be collected during follow-up.

DISCUSSION
The study "The effectiveness of an educational intervention to sodium restriction in patients with hypertension" is based on the results of the DSRQ application, whose objective is to evaluate aspects related to nonadherence to the recommendation of a low-sodium diet, identifying adherence barriers and facilitators, contributing to the planning of interventions for improving the adoption of a low-sodium diet and, consequently, hypertension control.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER
ClinicalTrials.gov, Identifier: NCT02848690 . Registered retrospectively on 27 July 2016.

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